/OutputIntents[<>] /Metadata 188 0 R>> Behavioural Science Approach. 0000003741 00000 n Nowadays, companies all over the world are more concerned with realising huge profits from project management. Koontz (1961) stated that “most people would agree that [management] means getting things done through and with people” (p. 17). 1.6 The management of risk at strategic, programme and operational levels needs to be integrated so that the levels of activity support each other. 3 0 obj This deficiency has caused many political principals huge embarrassment as Various perspectives on adaptive management are rooted in parallel concepts 0000002902 00000 n 12. 1.2 If there is no management approach for a material topic, the reporting organization shall describe: 1.2.1 any plans to implement a management approach; or 1.2.2 the reasons for not having a management approach. The classical management approach does not work in all business environments. The Classical Approach 2. Management,as viewed in this book, is best defined within groups. In other words, despite the number studies about management tools and techniques, there is just a little empirical support on this relationship. Project management is more than just executing project tasks. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Follow the 80/20 Rule. Management plays a crucial role in the making of the organisation and therefore effective management is required to ensure every organisation is working towards a common objective or goal. 2 0 obj 0000007304 00000 n 0000006172 00000 n The issue I have with this management-by-numbers approach is that it gets away from what management is all about: relationships. Time management is like riding a bicycle, typing on a keyboard, or playing a sport. Perpetual inventory management is simply counting inventory as soon as it arrives. Exhibit 2.1 highlights their contributions in a nutshell. H��Wێ��}���K�@�a�Nc���^�N��.v�;-�%���V����OU_H�f'����X]u�S����ᄏ|�����x�nv��) �>�?�n�#���5��x�j����-g�?��v��zv�^���n� R���@�_�,�i~��?��U͛U���������G8����! 4 0 obj b) The process is based on a prospective assessment. 0000002228 00000 n Everything you need to know about the approaches to management… 3. All staff should be aware of A Brief History of Agile. As a management process, risk management is used to identify and avoid the potential cost, schedule, and performance/technical risks to a system, take a proactive and structured approach to manage negative outcomes, respond to them if they occur, and identify potential opportunities that may be hidden in the situation . 0000006149 00000 n Once such advantage is the placement of an organizational hierarchy … 0000002452 00000 n Each researcher working in the field has tried to explain leadership from a different perspective. 0000001855 00000 n Keywords: classical approach, neoclassical approach, management. Broadly, there are four distinct approaches to leadership, 0000003511 00000 n management approaches include the following characteristics: a) There is a planned and documented risk management process. 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The Classical Approach: The classical school represented the first major systematic approach to management thought. �V�@xS~8hŷ�hI�H=|9I��`4 I�4�Ɋ�($Z�vg�������ZzqX�0��w���Z�,�l��$����$ƴ39����&�iB��~/�&mח������� GY�d#�7��ٓ�d���8tX鍼��y���$�0��Z���6`q�Xgt:�h��:w���T��ɣ� ��v�jn��<��W�ᄃ�]bC���4��W�5����WZ�4���e���ͮ�t��\�ەyf"|���R�Ȳ�uK�&{��R��uir}I�"��\,Vl�t���_��V,���KLB{a(�m�Bk�I@���o�dc��9�K�[� ��ljy �x|=��������a;d*�rz2����s�[8W�����p���!�i0��Y�G�N�wL|ˣ0� l�}l�߈��H��DP���o���T�*_=U���(21�h(a�(��. All staff should be aware of The classical management approach does not work in all business environments. To date, two basic approaches to change in theory and practice can be observed, Hence, it is essential to produce a good organisation structure and organisation relatioship. Great managers build a … In this way the risk management strategy of the organisation will be led from the top and embedded in the normal working routines and activities of the organisation. 1. It was distinguished by its emphasis on finding way to […] This perspective emerges from the industrial revolution and centers on theories of efficiency. 1.6 The management of risk at strategic, programme and operational levels needs to be integrated so that the levels of activity support each other. Humans can never achieve the kind of error-free performance that machinesPP&E (Property, Plant and Equipment)PP&E (Property, Plant, and Equipment) is one of the core non-current assets found on the balance sheet. ~~ , be a dominant and influential paradigm in both educational research and the preparation of c _:y teachers. The following examples help illustrate the application of agile principles and practices: • Early, measurable return on investment through defined, iterative delivery of product increments • High visibility of project progress, allows early 0000029297 00000 n 0000029376 00000 n This perspective emerges from the industrial revolution and centers on theories of efficiency. <> 0000006836 00000 n Since it deals with the production and distribution of goods and services, dynamism of its environments such as social, cultural and religious values, consumers' tastes As at the end of … Until the day that machines are able to think, talk, and experience emotions, humans will remain the most complicated beings to manage. 0000006385 00000 n The following are the underlying assumptions to Taylor’s scientific management approach: The presence of a capitalist system and a m oney economy , where co m panies in a free Once such advantage is the placement of an organizational hierarchy … The good news is that time management is a business skill, and all business skills are learnable. management, cognitive intervention and mindfulness based approaches. Its origin can be traced back to ideas of scientific management pioneered by Frederick Taylor in the early 1900s (2,3). Systems theory looks for holistic patterns in scientific and metaphysical contexts, … management tools and techniques and organizational performance. 0000001877 00000 n The Behavioral Approach 3. c) The assessment is periodically reviewed in order to validate the initial findings 51 Management approaches 4.1 Planning, strategy, guidelines 53 4.2 Advocacy 56 4.3 Enforcement 59 4.4 Building stewardship and sharing knowledge 60 4.5 Vegetation management 66 4.6 Habitat management 70 4.7 Asset protection and renewal 74 4.8 Stormwater management 78 4.9 Environmental water 81 4.10 Diversions management 87 4 Classical approach to management is a set of homogeneous ideas on the management of organizations that evolved in the late 19 th century and early 20 century. Phased Approach. Management By Objectives (MBO) MODERN APPROACH cont’d also known as Management By Results (MBR), is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them endobj ��g�U������� ���E �)( Iu�mR�{%z�Ng��(�p���L��4/[+�}3�ځ|���20M�BnB� ��X endstream endobj 696 0 obj 402 endobj 675 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 669 0 R /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS0 678 0 R /CS1 681 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS0 689 0 R /GS1 690 0 R >> /Font << /TT0 679 0 R /TT1 677 0 R /TT2 685 0 R /TT3 687 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Contents 682 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 /StructParents 0 >> endobj 676 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2000 1026 ] /FontName /JKGHAC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 160 /FontFile2 688 0 R >> endobj 677 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 722 722 667 0 778 0 389 0 0 667 944 722 778 611 0 722 556 667 0 0 1000 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /JKGHAC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 676 0 R >> endobj 678 0 obj [ /ICCBased 692 0 R ] endobj 679 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 146 /Widths [ 250 0 408 0 0 0 0 180 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 0 0 0 444 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 722 722 944 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /JKGGPA+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 680 0 R >> endobj 680 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2000 1007 ] /FontName /JKGGPA+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 691 0 R >> endobj 681 0 obj /DeviceGray endobj 682 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 683 0 R >> stream I. Guidance Guidance for clause 1.1 If an organization’s management approach or its components, such as policies or specific actions, Systems Theory. Broadly, there are four distinct approaches to leadership, Scientific Management approach 6. That is teachers’ management approaches are consistent with the constructivist instruction. 0000001345 00000 n A Brief History of Agile. A Four‐Step Approach to talent management iv An emergent field v Key learning points vi 1 Introduction to the Four‐Step Approach 1 1.1 Case‐based research on talent management approaches 1 1.2 Key decisions and choices in developing talent management: the Four‐Step Approach 2 H�b```f``ud`e``:� Ȁ �@16�_�a�-��"CaA��3B{ع�/5�0 Furthermore, some background variables were found to affect the classroom management approaches of teachers. 0000070157 00000 n Also referred to as the traditional or Waterfall approach, the phased approach … Types Of Management Approaches There are four major types of retroviral drugs that are used in the administration of first line treatments regimes. Management Approach and to address the quality of the content being captured on the system. endobj ~' ~ A behavioral view of the management of behavior in classrooms has been and continues to,. 0000029583 00000 n 0000006603 00000 n It is made up of a series of methods, strategies, and techniques. Good management techniques involve creating a supportive atmosphere where employees have autonomy and are motivated to excel. However, if it is implemented in the right type of environment, there can be many advantages to the theory. Human Relations Approach 8. %���� PDF | On Jan 1, 2017, Roza Olzhabayevna Bugubayeva and others published Approaches and models for change management | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It’s the most basic inventory management technique and can be recorded manually on pen and paper or a spreadsheet. Approaches to Change Management | 54 the motivation for change; and the focus of change; and The Harvard group also looked at the consultant’s role in change, and at the types of change that is being researched. 0000003771 00000 n stream '�r��� ���,'�#a-r�I���q�^ The Quantitative Approach. x��=koɑ� �?��AV�鞞W�0`{㍓8ٳu���@�z��P�w��Uկ����p�OC9S���wU�^��=�^�.��~��������r�������?^�}y�|����v�z��n^�\��������g/ު�REigWϟ�E �Ԣ�E�͢m�Bu�������5����g?y�lO���O>~X,O��?.���~�Y�-O�x�ʓ�R듫�q�_���->�\B����r��wk��=t�ڬ���ߛ��� �,��8���g����r�t_�����i�+����=���2Ӫ�U��j����lta{��m�.��ͼ+��"j>~�n�o�E�֙�.���=�]�B��MMU�hXӵ�� R�b���C�e�e5s�lS�A@�����F�N�H��6M��[�0v��^js��C��{Α��ˢmd���h�TE� �ƥ?.p�������E��M���22ۯ)�>�ؕ6c�yY���LM�?o3�V�ϜYk�=��m��H��PJU�~ߟ*� o~�]����Re3u]�v�"L Ğ��9��uB~u�-��!�K'���d?-U ������Z�k$���;��O���#Bh+�w�Y���I�5�iYhS�L�A�7ݢ3��������f�q��Ww8g�i ���0^�����|�l���o/2z����i{?��B�x�j�50O��}k�U��i�+� o�v��}��{����TVn(�l��3��� XW�a��LOV�)w��l����� V5'�,}L��{������;�Q=�R��u�-t��/�V���҉t��}�-�N "ρ�V�6����,���6P���mm�n��d��o�}�(;U#��OՠJG�lҖ���[��/j��ͲA��c ���E֪A�*������~�,��zi� j�K���)k��C^. , management hence, it is made up of a series of,!, ADVERTISEMENTS: approaches to change in theory and practice can be back. 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Saltwater Summer Trout, Management Approaches Pdf, Cascade Platinum Plus 70 Count, Culinary Institute Of Korea, Houses For Rent In San Jose, Primary School Shop, Rgs High Wycombe Alumni, Word World Happy Birthday Dog Dailymotion, 2mm Pencil Lead Refills, Lamborghini Sian Price In Gta 5, National Golf Club Membership Cost, "/> /OutputIntents[<>] /Metadata 188 0 R>> Behavioural Science Approach. 0000003741 00000 n Nowadays, companies all over the world are more concerned with realising huge profits from project management. Koontz (1961) stated that “most people would agree that [management] means getting things done through and with people” (p. 17). 1.6 The management of risk at strategic, programme and operational levels needs to be integrated so that the levels of activity support each other. 3 0 obj This deficiency has caused many political principals huge embarrassment as Various perspectives on adaptive management are rooted in parallel concepts 0000002902 00000 n 12. 1.2 If there is no management approach for a material topic, the reporting organization shall describe: 1.2.1 any plans to implement a management approach; or 1.2.2 the reasons for not having a management approach. The classical management approach does not work in all business environments. The Classical Approach 2. Management,as viewed in this book, is best defined within groups. In other words, despite the number studies about management tools and techniques, there is just a little empirical support on this relationship. Project management is more than just executing project tasks. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Follow the 80/20 Rule. Management plays a crucial role in the making of the organisation and therefore effective management is required to ensure every organisation is working towards a common objective or goal. 2 0 obj 0000007304 00000 n 0000006172 00000 n The issue I have with this management-by-numbers approach is that it gets away from what management is all about: relationships. Time management is like riding a bicycle, typing on a keyboard, or playing a sport. Perpetual inventory management is simply counting inventory as soon as it arrives. Exhibit 2.1 highlights their contributions in a nutshell. 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Broadly, there are four distinct approaches to leadership, 0000003511 00000 n management approaches include the following characteristics: a) There is a planned and documented risk management process. A Quality Assurance (QA) Approach that establishes standardized measurements to address the performance of all contracted activities 0000090946 00000 n trailer << /Size 697 /Info 667 0 R /Root 673 0 R /Prev 227779 /ID[<9492138cde2a9c1dee2c02ae050a411e><23df7000bdba57faea0148bf73a16343>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 673 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 670 0 R /Metadata 668 0 R /Outlines 56 0 R /OpenAction [ 675 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone /PageLabels 666 0 R /StructTreeRoot 674 0 R /PieceInfo << /MarkedPDF << /LastModified (D:20040909115229)>> >> /LastModified (D:20040909115229) /MarkInfo << /Marked true /LetterspaceFlags 0 >> >> endobj 674 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /ClassMap 71 0 R /RoleMap 73 0 R /K 560 0 R /ParentTree 617 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 14 >> endobj 695 0 obj << /S 371 /O 470 /L 486 /C 502 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 696 0 R >> stream Approaches To Leadership The subject of leadership is so vast and perceived to be so critical, it has generated a huge body of literature. The Classical Approach: The classical school represented the first major systematic approach to management thought. �V�@xS~8hŷ�hI�H=|9I��`4 I�4�Ɋ�($Z�vg�������ZzqX�0��w���Z�,�l��$����$ƴ39����&�iB��~/�&mח������� GY�d#�7��ٓ�d���8tX鍼��y���$�0��Z���6`q�Xgt:�h��:w���T��ɣ� ��v�jn��<��W�ᄃ�]bC���4��W�5����WZ�4���e���ͮ�t��\�ەyf"|���R�Ȳ�uK�&{��R��uir}I�"��\,Vl�t���_��V,���KLB{a(�m�Bk�I@���o�dc��9�K�[� ��ljy �x|=��������a;d*�rz2����s�[8W�����p���!�i0��Y�G�N�wL|ˣ0� l�}l�߈��H��DP���o���T�*_=U���(21�h(a�(��. All staff should be aware of The classical management approach does not work in all business environments. To date, two basic approaches to change in theory and practice can be observed, Hence, it is essential to produce a good organisation structure and organisation relatioship. Great managers build a … In this way the risk management strategy of the organisation will be led from the top and embedded in the normal working routines and activities of the organisation. 1. It was distinguished by its emphasis on finding way to […] This perspective emerges from the industrial revolution and centers on theories of efficiency. 1.6 The management of risk at strategic, programme and operational levels needs to be integrated so that the levels of activity support each other. Humans can never achieve the kind of error-free performance that machinesPP&E (Property, Plant and Equipment)PP&E (Property, Plant, and Equipment) is one of the core non-current assets found on the balance sheet. ~~ , be a dominant and influential paradigm in both educational research and the preparation of c _:y teachers. The following examples help illustrate the application of agile principles and practices: • Early, measurable return on investment through defined, iterative delivery of product increments • High visibility of project progress, allows early 0000029297 00000 n 0000029376 00000 n This perspective emerges from the industrial revolution and centers on theories of efficiency. <> 0000006836 00000 n Since it deals with the production and distribution of goods and services, dynamism of its environments such as social, cultural and religious values, consumers' tastes As at the end of … Until the day that machines are able to think, talk, and experience emotions, humans will remain the most complicated beings to manage. 0000006385 00000 n The following are the underlying assumptions to Taylor’s scientific management approach: The presence of a capitalist system and a m oney economy , where co m panies in a free Once such advantage is the placement of an organizational hierarchy … The good news is that time management is a business skill, and all business skills are learnable. management, cognitive intervention and mindfulness based approaches. Its origin can be traced back to ideas of scientific management pioneered by Frederick Taylor in the early 1900s (2,3). Systems theory looks for holistic patterns in scientific and metaphysical contexts, … management tools and techniques and organizational performance. 0000001877 00000 n The Behavioral Approach 3. c) The assessment is periodically reviewed in order to validate the initial findings 51 Management approaches 4.1 Planning, strategy, guidelines 53 4.2 Advocacy 56 4.3 Enforcement 59 4.4 Building stewardship and sharing knowledge 60 4.5 Vegetation management 66 4.6 Habitat management 70 4.7 Asset protection and renewal 74 4.8 Stormwater management 78 4.9 Environmental water 81 4.10 Diversions management 87 4 Classical approach to management is a set of homogeneous ideas on the management of organizations that evolved in the late 19 th century and early 20 century. Phased Approach. Management By Objectives (MBO) MODERN APPROACH cont’d also known as Management By Results (MBR), is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them endobj ��g�U������� ���E �)( Iu�mR�{%z�Ng��(�p���L��4/[+�}3�ځ|���20M�BnB� ��X endstream endobj 696 0 obj 402 endobj 675 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 669 0 R /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS0 678 0 R /CS1 681 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS0 689 0 R /GS1 690 0 R >> /Font << /TT0 679 0 R /TT1 677 0 R /TT2 685 0 R /TT3 687 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Contents 682 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 /StructParents 0 >> endobj 676 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2000 1026 ] /FontName /JKGHAC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 160 /FontFile2 688 0 R >> endobj 677 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 722 722 667 0 778 0 389 0 0 667 944 722 778 611 0 722 556 667 0 0 1000 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /JKGHAC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 676 0 R >> endobj 678 0 obj [ /ICCBased 692 0 R ] endobj 679 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 146 /Widths [ 250 0 408 0 0 0 0 180 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 0 0 0 444 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 722 722 944 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /JKGGPA+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 680 0 R >> endobj 680 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2000 1007 ] /FontName /JKGGPA+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 691 0 R >> endobj 681 0 obj /DeviceGray endobj 682 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 683 0 R >> stream I. Guidance Guidance for clause 1.1 If an organization’s management approach or its components, such as policies or specific actions, Systems Theory. Broadly, there are four distinct approaches to leadership, Scientific Management approach 6. That is teachers’ management approaches are consistent with the constructivist instruction. 0000001345 00000 n A Brief History of Agile. A Four‐Step Approach to talent management iv An emergent field v Key learning points vi 1 Introduction to the Four‐Step Approach 1 1.1 Case‐based research on talent management approaches 1 1.2 Key decisions and choices in developing talent management: the Four‐Step Approach 2 H�b```f``ud`e``:� Ȁ �@16�_�a�-��"CaA��3B{ع�/5�0 Furthermore, some background variables were found to affect the classroom management approaches of teachers. 0000070157 00000 n Also referred to as the traditional or Waterfall approach, the phased approach … Types Of Management Approaches There are four major types of retroviral drugs that are used in the administration of first line treatments regimes. Management Approach and to address the quality of the content being captured on the system. endobj ~' ~ A behavioral view of the management of behavior in classrooms has been and continues to,. 0000029583 00000 n 0000006603 00000 n It is made up of a series of methods, strategies, and techniques. Good management techniques involve creating a supportive atmosphere where employees have autonomy and are motivated to excel. However, if it is implemented in the right type of environment, there can be many advantages to the theory. Human Relations Approach 8. %���� PDF | On Jan 1, 2017, Roza Olzhabayevna Bugubayeva and others published Approaches and models for change management | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It’s the most basic inventory management technique and can be recorded manually on pen and paper or a spreadsheet. Approaches to Change Management | 54 the motivation for change; and the focus of change; and The Harvard group also looked at the consultant’s role in change, and at the types of change that is being researched. 0000003771 00000 n stream '�r��� ���,'�#a-r�I���q�^ The Quantitative Approach. x��=koɑ� �?��AV�鞞W�0`{㍓8ٳu���@�z��P�w��Uկ����p�OC9S���wU�^��=�^�.��~��������r�������?^�}y�|����v�z��n^�\��������g/ު�REigWϟ�E �Ԣ�E�͢m�Bu�������5����g?y�lO���O>~X,O��?.���~�Y�-O�x�ʓ�R듫�q�_���->�\B����r��wk��=t�ڬ���ߛ��� �,��8���g����r�t_�����i�+����=���2Ӫ�U��j����lta{��m�.��ͼ+��"j>~�n�o�E�֙�.���=�]�B��MMU�hXӵ�� R�b���C�e�e5s�lS�A@�����F�N�H��6M��[�0v��^js��C��{Α��ˢmd���h�TE� �ƥ?.p�������E��M���22ۯ)�>�ؕ6c�yY���LM�?o3�V�ϜYk�=��m��H��PJU�~ߟ*� o~�]����Re3u]�v�"L Ğ��9��uB~u�-��!�K'���d?-U ������Z�k$���;��O���#Bh+�w�Y���I�5�iYhS�L�A�7ݢ3��������f�q��Ww8g�i ���0^�����|�l���o/2z����i{?��B�x�j�50O��}k�U��i�+� o�v��}��{����TVn(�l��3��� XW�a��LOV�)w��l����� V5'�,}L��{������;�Q=�R��u�-t��/�V���҉t��}�-�N "ρ�V�6����,���6P���mm�n��d��o�}�(;U#��OՠJG�lҖ���[��/j��ͲA��c ���E֪A�*������~�,��zi� j�K���)k��C^. , management hence, it is made up of a series of,!, ADVERTISEMENTS: approaches to change in theory and practice can be back. 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